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 Saint Basil's Cathedral Ц the main Cathedral in Moscow 


St. Basil's Cathedral is one of the most famous sights of Russia. For many people it is a symbol not only of Moscow but also of Russia.
Cathedral of the Holy Virgin, also known as Saint Basil's Cathedral is an orthodox church located in Red Square in Moscow. The cathedral is a well-known monument of Russian architecture. Until the 17th century it was usually called the Trinity as the original wooden church was dedicated to the Holy Trinity; later it was also known as "Jerusalem" what is connected with the dedication of one of the chapels and as well with procession on Palm Sunday from the Cathedral of the Assumption.
St. Basil's Cathedral was built in 1555-1561 after the order of Ivan the Terrible to commemorate the capture of Kazan and the victory over the Kazan Khanate which happened on the day of the Holy Virgin at the beginning of October 1552.
In 1588 Basil's Church was added to the temple and in the north-eastern part of the cathedral arched openings were built. Architecturally the church was an independent temple with its own entrance.
In 1918 St. Basil's Cathedral was one of the first cultural monuments that were taken under state protection as a monument of national and global significance. In 1923 it was decided create a historical and architectural museum in the church. In 1928 the museum "St. Basil's Cathedral" became a branch of the State Historical Museum. Since 1991 St. Basil's Cathedral is shared both by the museum and the Russian Orthodox Church. After a long break service was renewed in the Cathedral.
Currently St. Basil's Cathedral is a branch of the State Historical Museum. The cathedral is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Russia.




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