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 Trinity Lavra of St.Sergius 

 
 
Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is the largest orthodox male stavropegial monastery in Russia that is located in the center of the city of Sergiev Posad, Moscow region, on the Konchura river. The date of the foundation of the monastery is considered to be the settlement of Sergius of Radonezh on Makovets in 1337. However, some historians believe that this happened in 1342. From 1688 the monastery is the Patriarchal stavropegia. In 1742 after an imperial decree of Elizabeth the monastery was given the status and name of Lavra. In 1744 the decree of the Holy Synod was issued to Archimandrite Arseny to name Trinity Monastery St. Sergius Lavra. In 1920 the monastery was closed after the decree of the Council of People's Commissars "About turning to a museum of historical and artistic treasures Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius ". The Beginning of the revival of monastic life in Lavra refers to the beginning of 1946. Patriarch Alexy I became there an abbot. Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius remained the main seat of the patriarchs until 1983, when the seat was transferred to Moscow's Danilov Monastery. In the Middle Ages, at certain moments of history, the monastery played an important role in the political life of the North-Eastern Russia, was a support of the government and the people. According to the accepted ecclesiastical historiography, the monastery took part in the struggle against the Mongol-Tatar yoke, opposed government supporters of False Dmitry II in the Time of Troubles. The numerous architectural structures of Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius were built by the best architects in the country in the 15th – 19th centuries. The ensemble of the monastery includes more than 50 buildings for various purposes. The architectural ensemble of Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is under UNESCO protection.

 
     
 

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